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9 1, the energy efficiency labeling management system will be fully implemented, the focus of attention turned to market supervision. No one now seems to control the situation, and how to intervene in what the future really is the pieces of pipe to let the market supervision and management headache. In this case, on November 7, by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and the Standardization Administration of the Department and will be organized by industry and transportation, “energy efficiency standards and the supervision mechanism of international seminar” on the very cause for concern. After all, energy efficiency labeling management system of “enterprise record + market supervision” as a new model from overseas, “brought”, and thus learn from the success of foreign regulatory approach has become an inevitable choice. Conference discussion clearly focuses, the size is not large, not large media presence, but the relevant participants, including all aspects of government officials, industry experts and enterprise representatives. International Conference on very strong color, from the United States, Japan, Australia, Denmark, the experts presented their respective national energy-efficiency labeling and market monitoring in the implementation.
Overseas experience: an open and transparent line with the national
From the U.S. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lin Jiang first introduced national appliance efficiency standards, marking the implementation of the framework. Although countries were different, but energy efficiency labeling system implementation framework in most countries is much the same, that a product for the first time in the market, manufacturers often go to the designated certification bodies registered for the record; through verification testing: product enter the market, the relevant agencies to conduct random checks to verify whether the false statement producers, if the random sample by a number of laboratories to undertake, it was necessary to cross between the laboratory experiments in order to ensure consistency of test results.
And energy efficiency standards for the enforced regulations and laws enacted to ensure its effective implementation is the basis of standard practices that do not meet the appropriate punishment will be implemented. Procedures and efforts to punish countries very different in the United States, every case of violation a fine of up to 110 U.S. dollars per day (one for each product that is considered illegal per case), the intensity of the punishment is very severe. Lin Jiang that the fines should be high enough to serve as a deterrent (sufficient to keep the product from the market, out out). But the fine is not the purpose, aims to improve the “standard of compliance.” Lin Jiang Jieshao said that in the United States, a fine and out of the market is a last resort, to go through before the “non-public notice / consultation”, “public notice”, “improvement order” and a series of processes.
If there is a dispute, the test results will become important. This requires pre-defined and clear and transparent dispute resolution procedures, and multilateral mutual recognition of testing and certification laboratory is necessary.
International Energy Agency’s Paul Waide, Energy Conservation Centre Japan FunihiroSato, Australian Greenhouse Office of Allan Driver and the Danish Energy Labeling institutions KarenAndreassen briefed each other on national standards for energy efficiency and labeling system for implementation and monitoring system. In fact, due to different national conditions, although some countries, energy efficiency standards and labeling system similar to the general framework, but the national energy efficiency standards and labeling in the implementation and monitoring, the measures are different, and there is no universally applicable solution. For example, the United States more concerned with trade associations, greater reliance on the regulatory business competitors that do not meet the standard of reports, inspection fees from the company to pay. Similar to the way the European Union and the United States, emphasizing enforcement is the responsibility of EU member states. In Australia, the initial cost of testing from the government, re-test fees from manufacturers.
Japan’s “leader” standard system is a very special way, with different countries. Japan’s “leader” of energy efficiency standard contains three values: (1) minimum standards (MEPS), the efficiency of the value of all the target product should exceed this value; (2) standard, on average, the average efficiency of all target product value should be more than the standard average; (3) Standard maximum (TRS), based on current market, the highest level of energy efficiency products set the maximum efficiency value. Japan will continue to TRS as a new target, and guide enterprises to produce more energy-efficient products.
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